Flag of Canada
Show the Canadian flag on the SMART board and read about its meaning. Discuss the colour and image of the Canadian flag with the whole class. Count the points in the leaf. What do the points on the leaf symbolize?
First Nations Flags
Look at the three First Nation flags. Discuss the colour and images in each of them. Divide the class into three groups. Give a copy of one flag to each member of the group but not the explanation. Have each group examine this flag and talk about what the symbols on the flag may stand for. Then use a jigsaw strategy by re-arranging the groups into three persons so that each member in the new group has studied a different flag. Each person in turn explains his or her theory on what the symbols in each flag represent. Students then return to their original group while the teacher explains the symbols on each flag to the whole class.
Look for similarities and differences among the flags. How does the location of the First Nation influence the symbols on the flag? How does the symbolism on the flag connect to the story of the Creation of People (Lesson A)? How do these three flags show ‘We are of the earth’?
New Brunswick Coat of Arms
Look at the symbols in the New Brunswick Coat of Arms. Discuss why these images are important and how we are all connected. Are there French and English symbols here?
This Coat of Arms was created in 1868. Have students find out what the motto means (restored hope) and in what language? (latin) Why do you think this is an important motto for New Brunswick?